| Events | Meetings | Workshops |Conferences/ Consultations |
Current Activity


Current Activity

Campaign on Child Care

Women in Informal Employment: Globalizing and Organizing (WIEGO) approached FORCES and SEWA in 2016 to initiate a campaign on Childcare. The issue of Childcare has always been an agenda of FORCES, and within WIEGO the childcare initiative is one of key areas of work under their Social protection programme. In June 2016, FORCES took initiative in organizing a national workshop on Child Care in collaboration with WIEGO and SEWA where members discussed the key demands and strategies for a national campaign. In the workshop, FORCES members identified converging gaps in the implementation of quality public child care services across India and also discussed  lack of demand and knowledge of existing entitlements that guarantee quality public child care provision such as the restructured ICDS and MGNEGRA that was also based on FORCES work in these areas.

The network has finalised six key demands for national campaign and also highlighted the government bodies, civil society organisations and multilateral organisations that could support the realisation of these demands. FORCES also prepared a note mentioning its position on Women and Young Children’s rights to Childcare and Development Services/ Creches and Day Care and the Role of the State.

As a follow up of the discussion which started in 2016, two national meeting cum workshop took place in 2017. The first meeting brought together informal workers’ organizations across several sectors (including street vendors, waste pickers, domestic workers, construction workers, and home-based workers), SEWA, FORCES partners from different states, and NGOs working in childcare to share experiences of advocating for child care services.

The first workshop- Quality Public Child Care for All Workers: Collaborating for Action- took place on September 12, 2017 at IIC, New Delhi where representatives from member based organizations (home-based workers, domestic workers, street vendors, construction workers and waste pickers) and NGOs working on child rights joined the discussion.

In the second meeting which was held on 13th September 2017, it was decided to develop concrete plans and actions among a core group of organizations who will be giving strategic direction to the national campaign. Agreements emerging from the discussion include the creation of a national steering committee for the campaign, several working groups to define and implement specific aspects of the campaign, and a list of follow-up activities for the different core members present.

Global Campaign on Child care: 

FORCES is also partnering with WIEGO in its global campaign on Child Care. Discussions for a possible global campaign on child care were first held in June 2015 in South Africa with informal workers’ associations and trade unions from India, South Africa and Thailand facilitated by WIEGO. From India, SEWA participated in the workshop.

WIEGO members consist of organizations of informal workers, researchers and development professionals. The other countries that are collaborating in this campaign are Brazil, Ghana, South Africa and Thailand and they all are member based organisations (MBOs) including FORCES and SEWA, Gujarat.The five MBOs engaged in the child care initiative will be working with civil society organizations in their respective countries to raise the visibility of child care as an important worker rights issues for informal workers. 

Regional consultations on Childcare

In the year 2018, it was decided to launch this campaign by holding four regional consultations under a broad theme of “Quality Childcare as a Universal Right for All”. The consultations are supported by Save the children and in three region i.e. North, South and East, FORCES is organizing along with its state chapters i.e. UP FORCES- Vigyan Foundation, TN FORCES- FOR YOU CHILD and Odisha FORCES- CLAP   respectively. In the western region, SEWA has decided to conduct in collaboration with Gujarat FORCES- CHETNA. 

Southern Region - March 19-20, 2018 at Hyderabad

Northern Region - April 16-17, 2018 at Lucknow

Eastern Regional - June 11-12, 2018, Bhubaneswar

Western Region- July 6-7, 2018, Ahmedabad

Key demands for the national campaign

1. Quality child care is a right for all

2. Full day, free, quality, holistic and integrated early childhood care for all

(Integrated includes health services, nutrition, water and sanitation, education and safe They must receive at least the minimum wage, basic benefits such as pensions and insurance, and receive appropriate and adequate skills training.  spaces for children up to six-years old)

3. Increased and adequate investment by government - central and state - for quality child care, indexed for inflation

4. Child care undertaken in a child care centre must be recognized as decent work and receive appropriate skills training

5. Maternity entitlements for all women

6. Developing appropriate and participatory mechanisms for implementation, monitoring and evaluation, including grievance redressal systems


FORCES position on Women and Young Children’s rights to Childcare and Development Services/ Crèches and Day Care and the Role of the State.

CORE Beliefs/ Principles

All Women and Children under Six have a right to integrated holistic childcare services, creches, daycare services which provide ECD (the integrated inputs of Health, Nutrition, Education, Care and Protection).

While parents and guardians have the primary responsibility for caring for their children, and are the primary care givers, FORCES believes that it is the duty of the state as the ultimate guardian of the child to support them for their all-round development through Law Policy and Programmes, Budgets allocation, monitoring system, and Redressal Mechanisms.

FORCES holds the State to be an Enabler, a Provider of Services, a Regulator , and a guarantor of Right of  Young Children Under Sixes to Childcare and Development Services,  Creches and Daycare.


I.      Universal Child care and Creches, why?

In the current socio- economic context, families need support to provide alternative care-giving for their young children; Children also need support from alternative care givers at seasons, time’s durations and locations when other care givers in the family are not available.

Women perform multiple roles including reproductive work, house work, childcare and, paid and unpaid productive contributions to the household income, and livelihood. These need to be recognized and accounted for. In order to assist women to perform these multiple roles they need to be supported within the overlapping frameworks for workers’ rights and children’s rights.

The period between conceptions to 6 years is the most critical period for human development - a period when the needs and rights of women and children are inextricably intertwined. Neglect during this period affects women, children, families, health, capacity and education and overall development and well-being of society.

 It is the right of every child under Article 18(3) under UNCRC that all children of working parents have the right to benefit from child care services and other facilities for which they are eligible.


II.    Guiding Principles:

-   Importance of the role of the adult care –giver. Providing care for young children requires inputs from all care givers Men and Women. Creches and Care services mandated by laws, therefore, need to for both men and women workers.The typical association between care and women only needs to be broken.

-    It is essential that state renders appropriate assistance to parents and legal guardians in the performance of their child rearing responsibilities and shall ensure development of institutions, facilities and opportunity for the care of the children.

-    The entitlement for crèches, childcare services and early education through piecemeal legislation approach seems not working. A universal approach with access to quality early child care, crèches, daycare and early education can have impact on all eligible children.


III.  Role of the State vis a vis integrated childcare services, Creches and Daycare Provisions

 i) As an enabler:

While parents and guardians have the primary responsibility of caring for children, they must be supported by the state as the ultimate guardian of the children by the following

-    Provision of a core set of Basic services:  Water, Sanitation, Primary health care, Nutrition and food as well as livelihood security through appropriate Programmes and Schemes.

-     Livelihood protection through MNREGA for rural area and special scheme for urban inhabitants.

-    Universal Maternity Entitlements

Finances, Spaces, Institutions

-          By committing adequate share of GDP for all of the above (  for children under Six)

-          Allocation of spaces for childcare services in Urban and Rural plans. 

-          By  developing Institutions for Training of Childcare workers, Preschool Teachers

-          By developing institutions  for Research, Monitoring , Evaluation, Materials etc

-          By articulating quality norms and mechanism for ensuring compliance

-          Development of skilled human resource for delivery of child care services.

 ii) As a Provider

-     The State must provide a Universal system of Early Childhood Care and Development Services, Creches and Daycare Services, through a range of models to respond to the diversity of needs, locations and work situations- all of which, however must be based on a core set of components.

-     The State may involve others in the task of implementing the above to a limited extent, but remains the primary provider, remaining responsible for the quality of these services, their accountability their observance of quality norms etc.

-     The state may avail services of service providers by engaging  the other bodies which may be involved in tasks of implementation, may comprise Unions, CBOs, Federations of SHGs, Mahila Mandals and State Institution like  Judiciary, Educational institutions etc. However, the responsibility for ensuring quality norms across the groups/organizations, Teacher/child ratio, infrastructure, personnel, curriculum etc. will still rest with the State.

NGOs should be provided space to partner with government, to develop pilots and special interventions, demonstrations, systems strengthening, but not as substitutes for Public systems of provisioning.

With regard to the above a clear direction needs to be in position that commercial, profit – making bodies need to be excluded from the list of potential providers of services as their interests may lead to the introduction of products in the service which benefits their commercial interests, or enables them to derive undue benefits for their trade interests etc.

iii) State as Regulator of Services:

All of the above providers (including state services and corporate bodies) need to be brought under regulation to ensure access and equitable quality of services for all children. The Regulatory system needs to be enabling and support providers to come up to standards for quality care and development of young children before penal action are instituted.

 Accountability and redressal are essential for ensuring that all children have a right to services of equitable quality.Parent and Community groups play an important role, and their capacities need to be built to enable them to monitor quality and to ensure that children’s interests are safeguarded.

Parent management committes, a mandatory system of social audits, as well as appointed Grievance redressal offices will ensure that grievances and violations are handled in a fair manner, making legal recourse the very last option.

Constituting a separate Commission for Protection of Early Childhood Rights will be invaluable for strengthening   services for children under six.

iv)  The State as a guarantor of Right to ECD and Daycare and Creches

The State has a Role as a Duty bearer and needs to ensure that existing Laws are implemented; that they are amended where necessary; and that new laws are framed where gaps are seen.

As has been analyzed, a major lacunae in the Legal Framework of entitlements for Early Childhood is the exclusion of Early Childhood from the Fundamental Rights section of the Constitution which has left children under six at the mercy of changing regimes and changing budgets, poor quality programmes   and without sound systems for Convergence, Quality and Redressal.This lacunae has deeply affected women, their role, voice, participation, as well as the development of children.




National workshop on “ Quality Public Child Care for All Workers: Collaborating for Action” on 12 – 13 September 2017, IIC, New Delhi


National Workshop for Child Care Campaign, June 29-30, 2016, Seminar Room 1 and 2, Kamaladevi Block, IIC, New Delhi

National Workshop on Setting an Agenda for Advocacy April 18-19, 2016, YMCA Tourist hostel, 1, Jai Sigh Road, New Delhi


FORCES Core Group Meeting, 03-07-2015, CWDS, New Delhi

 Odisha state consultation on ECCD at CYSD, Bhubaneswar on April 5, 2015


FORCES orientation workshop on ICDS mission and ECCD at VF seminar hall, Lucknow on December 23-24, 2014


Core group meet to discuss FORCES action plan, November 7-8, 2014, Vishwa Yuvak Kendra, New Delhi

State consultation on ECCD, December 22, 2014 at Indira Gandhi Pratishthan, Lucknow


Perspective building of NGO partners on ECCD / ICDS etc. and expansion of network in U.P.
U.P. FORCES Perspective building Regional Workshop I , October 13- 15, Varanasi
 Workshop II- Youth Hostel, Sanjay Place, Agra, November 10-12 , 2014


FORCES meeting &Workshop on Strengthening Advocacy Goal, June 10-12, 2014, Vishwa Yuvak Kendra, New Delhi


Capacity building workshop on Research Methodology and Project Management , February 26- March 1, 2014, ILD, Jaipur


FORCES working group meeting November 28-29, 2013, Vishwa Yuvak Kendra, Chankyapuri, New Delhi


Meeting with state partners on FORCES Action Plan and Strategies for Advocacy , July 26 & 27, 2012 at Vishwa Yuvak Kendra, New Delhi


National Workshop on ‘Formulation of State Action Plan and its Framework’ on April 30 to May 2, 2012 at Vishwa Yuvak Kendra, New Delhi

Meeting to discuss the Draft National Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE) Policy took place on May 2, 2012 at Vishwa Yuvak Kendra, New Delhi


Third Capacity Building Workshop on ‘Use of Advocacy Tools and Development of Plan of Action’ was held on May 4-6, 2012 at HIMAD Training Center, Gopeshwar, Chamoli, Uttarakhad


Second Capacity Building Workshop on ‘Understanding Young Child within the framework of Law, Policy, Programme and Identification of Advocacy Issues at National and State Level’ for FORCES partners will be organized on February 6-9, 2012 at CINI, Monobitan, Kolkata


National Consultation on FORCES operational Plan at Vishwa Yuvak Kendra, New Delhi, February 15-17, 2011


Northern Regional Consultation on FORCES operational Plan at Sahbhagi Shikshan Kendra, Lucknow, November 15-16, 2010


Eastern Regional Consultation on FORCES operational Plan at Social Development Centre, Ranchi, September 28-29, 2010


Capacity building workshop on Early Childhood Care and Development, Sahbhagi Shikshan Kendra, Lucknow, October 30– November 1, 2009

National Convention on 20 years of FORCES , India Islamic Cultural Centre, New Delhi, 21 April, 2009

District Level Advocacy and Sharing Meetings


Odisha block level Gram Panchayat meeting at Dhenkanal on April 8, 2015


Madhya Pradesh block level meeting at Vidisha, April 29, 2015


Uttarakhand FORCES Orientation workshop May 18, 2015, Advani Dharamshala, , Rishikesh


Meeting with Panchayat and Community at Block Lunkaransar, Bikaner, Rajasthan, April 2014


Meeting with FORCES, U.P. at Lucknow and Gram Panchayat of Barabanti, February, 2014


Madhupur, Devghar, Jharkhand, May 20, 2011


Ramgarh, Jharkhand, March 28, 2011


Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, March 10, 2011


Agra, Uttar Pradesh, March 8, 2011


Ambedkar Nagar, Uttar Pradesh, February 8, 2011


Simdega, Jharkhand, January 29, 2011


Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, January 12, 2011


Banda, Uttar Pradesh, December 31, 2010


Lohardaga, Jharkhand, December 18, 2010


Gumla, Jharkhand, December 12, 2010

Meetings with State Chapters
i)  ICDS Social Audit


Lucknow, 19 January, 2010


Jharkhand, 29 January, 2010

ii)  NREGA


Madhya Pradesh, 9-13 May, 2010


Gurgaon, Haryana, Delhi, 25 June, 2010


Orissa, 12-16 December, 2009
iii)  State Level Advocacy Meetings

Workshop at MCM, Bhopal, 25 June 2014
  Varanasi- 16th June 2014

Haridwar- 3rd June

Ranchi workshop, 30th may 2014

FORCES Advocacy workshop, Patna 21st May 2014

FORCES Advocacy workshop , Lucknow , 19th May 2014


Sharing Meeting, Lucknow, 22 June, 2010


Sharing Workshop, Ranchi, 17 June, 2010


Sharing Meeting, Shimla, 10 June, 2010


Sharing Meeting, Dehradun, 8 June, 2010

Media Workshop on ECCD and Status of Young Child


Lucknow, 29 May, 2009


Jaipur, 27 May, 2009


Guwahati, 24 March, 2009


Uttar Pradesh and Bihar, 2007


New Delhi, 19-20 June, 2006
Conferences/ Consultations
Consultations on the Status of the Young Child in India


Regional Consultation on Building Consensus on ECCD Policy, Comprehensive Legislation on ECCE and Anganwadi-cum-Crèche campaign, Hotel Suryansh, Bhubaneshwar, 3-4 December 2012


North-East Regional Consultation, IIBM, Guwahati, 23-24 March, 2009
<< download full text  >>


National Consultation, IIC, New Delhi, 24 February, 2009 
<< read full text report >>


Southern Regional Consultation, Asha Nivas, Chennai, 11-12 April, 2008
<< read full text report >>


Eastern Regional Consultation, Social Development Centre, Ranchi, 12-13 March, 2008
<< download full text  >>


Northern Regional Consultation, Sahbhagi Shikshan Kendra, Lucknow, 18-19 February, 2008
<< download full text  >>


Consultation on ECCD, June 2006


Consultation on Declining Sex Ratio, 2006


Consultation on ECCD, June 2005


National Consultation on Declining Sex Ratio, August 2005


National Consultation on Strengthening ECCD, June 2004
State Level Consultations

Madhya Pradesh- Bhopal, Vidisha meetingt, April 29-30, 2015

Chandauli – Chahniya visit- March 25-27, 2015

Odisha – baramba & Dhenkanal - April 5-9, 2015

Patna & Jharkhand- February 16-19, 2015


Rajasthan Consultation, State Institute of Health and Family Welfare, Jaipur, 26 May, 2009


Shimla Workshop, Agricultural Co-operative State Training Institute (ACSTI), Shangti, Shimla,

22 June, 2008


Planning Meeting in Context of CRC Report, ISI, Delhi, 19 December, 2007



Alternate Report on the Status of Young Child for the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child

FORCES has been actively participating in evolving the Alternative Citizen’s Report to be presented at the UN Child Rights Convention as it has been observed that the issue of Early Childhood Care and Development is relatively marginalized in the context of reporting under CRC. The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) is the most widely ratified convention in UN history. It covers all children under the age of eighteen years, regardless of sex, colour, language, religion or region. India ratified the CRC in 1992. Every State-party must report its national performance to the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child. The next CRC performance report is due in 2009.In this context, FORCES has also prepared a draft report on the Status of the Young Child in India.

The themes of the report have been selected based on the concluding observations of the periodic report of CRC. The Committee had expressed its concern at the decrease of funds allocated by the Government of India (GOI) to social services. The GOI expenditure (Plan and non-Plan) on social sectors (health, education and family welfare, water supply, sanitation, etc.) as a ratio of total expenditure had then marginally decreased from 11.26% in 1997-98 to 10.72% in 2000-01. The Committee expressed serious concern at the unavailability and/or inaccessibility of free, high-quality primary health care, the slow decline in Infant Mortality Rate (IMR), the worsening of Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR), the Low immunization rate, high incidence of low birth weight babies, the high number of children with stunting, wasting or who are underweight, the prevalence of micro-nutrient deficiencies and the low rate of exclusive breastfeeding. It also voiced its concern at the slow increase of budget allocations for education.

Based on these findings, FORCES decided to develop its report on the issues of programme /policies, health and nutrition, early education, budget analysis and the issue of girl child in area of declining child sex ratio. Our review of ECCD involves a survey of all the available government and official data along with other important secondary literature on the subject. This report is an outcome of various consultations, organized by FORCES at the regional level held in Lucknow, Ranchi, Chennai and Guwahati. A draft report was also shared at the National consultation in Delhi.




Assessment of Child care services under NREGA

The other programme initiated by FORCES as part of research and advocacy is a study on An Assessment of child care services under National Rural employment Guarantee Act. NREGA is the only Act in the country that legalizes support for childcare (for children under six) in the unorganized sector, by including the provision for crèches and availability of safe drinking water in it. With effect from April 2008, NREGA is perhaps the largest public employment programme of its kind in the world covering more than 500 rural districts of this country. FORCES as a national network, committed to the survival and development of the young child and women working in the informal sector, feels that it is important for this act to succeed and most of these issues have to be addressed. In doing so, the provision of crèche at work site, employment of a helper/ Dai, access to drinking water and medical facilities and even the use of child labour at work sites would be thoroughly probed.

FORCES is collaborating with state partners and conducting this study in three states viz Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand and Rajasthan.


Status of the Young Child in Uttar Pradesh and Bihar, 2005
Action Research
  Situational analysis of PRIs role in implementing ICDS mission - an action study in eight states of India


Situational Analysis of PRIs role in ICDS, 2013-14


In Depth Intervention on ICDS was conducted 200 Anganwadi Centers in 10 districts of 4 states. These states are Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh, Odisha and Rajasthan

Social audit of ICDS/ ECCD in Jharkhand and Uttar Pradesh




  FORCES is an advocacy network which is committed to the survival, protection and holistic development of the young child